Terminology

Click the below for more information.

  • General
    Do Jang  |  training hall
    Do Bak  |  training suit
    Ti  |  belt
    Kup  |  student grade
    Dan  |  instructor degree
    Jeja  |  student
  • Instructors
    Boo Sabum  |  National Instructor 1st – 3rd Degree
    Sabum  |  International Instructor 4th – 6th Degree
    Sahyung  |  Master 7th – 8th Degree
    Saseong  |  Grand Master 9th Degree
  • Commands
    Charyot  |  attention
    Kyong Ye  |  bow
    Junbi  |  ready / prepare
    Si Jak  |  begin
    Pharo  |  return
    Guman  |  stop
    Hechyo  |  separate
    Gessot  |  continue
    Hasan  |  dismissed
  • Directions
    Nagagi  |  forwards
    Duroogi  |  backwards
    Tyro Tora  |  turn around
    Orun  |  right
    Wen  |  left
    Dwiro  |  backward Dun
    Olligi  |  upward
    Chukyo  |  diagonally up
  • Stances
    Charyot Sogi  |  attention stance
    Narani Sogi  |  parallell stance
    Annun Sogi sitting stance
    Gunnun Sogi  |  walking stance
    Niunja Sogi L-stance
    Moa Sogi  |  close stance
    Gojung Sogi  |  fixed stance
    Guburyo Sogi  |  bending stance
    Koycha Sogi  |  X-stance
    Dwitbal Sogi  |  rear foot stance
    Soojak Sogi  |  vertical stance
    Nachuo Sogi  |  low stance
  • Techniques
    Sogi  |  Stance
    Makgi block
    Jirugi  |  punch
    Busigi  |  kick
    Tulgi  |  thrust
    Taerigi  |  strike
    Matsogi  |  sparring
  • Defensive Techniques
    Bakat Palmok Najunde Magki  |  low section outer forearm block
    Kaunde An Palmok Magki  |  middle section inner forearm block
    Sonkal Kaunde Daebi Makgi  |  knifehand middle section guarding block
    Sang Palmok Makgi  |  twin forearm block
    Bakat Palmok Chookyo Makgi outter forearm rising block
    Bakat Palmok Naunde Yop Makgi  |  outter forearm high side block
    Bakat Palmok Hechyo Makgi  |  outter forearm wedging block
    Kaunde Palmok Daebi Makgi  |  middle section knifehand guarding block
    Dollimyo Makgi  circular block
    Sonbadak Golcho Makgi  |  palm hooking block
    Sang Sonkal Makgi  |  twin knofehand blockDoo Palmok Makgi double forearm block
    Sonkal Dung Yop Makgi reverse knifehand side block
    Sonbadak Ollyo Makgi  |  palm upward block
    Sonkal Daebi Makgi  |  knifehand guarding block
    Kyocha Joomuk Chookyo Makgi  X fist rising block
    Sonbadak Noollo Makgi  |  palm pressing block
    Digutja Makgi  |  U-shape block
    San Makgi W-shape block
    Doo Palmok Miro Makgi  |  double forearm pushing block
    Sonkal Najunde Dabei Makgi  |  knifehand low guarding block
    Doo Palmok Makgi  |  double forearm block
    Sonbadak Miro Makgi  |  palm pushing block
    Kyocha Joomuk Noollo Makgi  X fist pressing block
    An Palmok Yop Ap Makgi  |  inner forearm side-front block
    Sang Sonkal Makgi  |  twin knofehand block
    Doo Palmok Makgi  |  double forearm block
    Kaunde Ap Makgi middle section front block
    Kyocha Sonkal Momchau Makgi  |  X-knifehand checking block
    Sang Sonbadak Ollyo Makgi  |  twin palm upward block
  • Offensive Techniques
    Kaunde Baro Jirugi  |  middle section obverse punch
    Kaunde Bandae Jirugi  |  middle section reverse punch
    Nopande Baro Jirugi  |  high section obverse punch
    Nopande Bandae Jirugi  |  high section reverse punch
    Ap Joomuk Jirugi  forefist punch
    Ap Joomuk Napunde Jirugi  forefist high section punch
    Ap Joomuk Kaunde Jirugi  forefist middle section punch
    Ap Joomuk Ollyo Jirugi  forefist upward punch
    Yop Jirugi side punch
    Kaunde Yop Jirugi  |  middle section side punch
    Sang Sewo Jirugi twin vertical punch
    Sang Dwijibo Jirugi twin upset punch
    Giokja Jirugi  angle punch
    Sang Joomuk Sewo Jirugi  |  twin forefist vertical punch

    Sun Sonkut Tulgi straight fingertip thrust
    Dwijibun Sonkut Tulgi upset fingertip thrust
    Opun Sonkut Tulgi  |  flat fingertip thrust
    Yop Palkup Tulgi  side elbow thrust

     

    Sonkal Yop Taerigi knifehand side strike
    Dung Joomuk Taerigi  |  backfist strike
    Sonkal Anuro Taerigi  |  knifehand inward strike
    Dung Joomuk Tearigi  |  backfist strike
    Dung Joomuk Nopunde Yop Tearigi  |  backfist high section strike
    Ap Palkup Tearigi  |  front elbow strike
    upper elbow strike

    Ap Cha Olligi  | front rising kick
    Ap Cha Busigi front snap kick
    Yop Ap Cha Busigi  |  side-front snap kick
    Kaunde Ap Cha Busigi  middle section front snap kick
    Najunde Ap Cha Busigi  |  low front snap kick
    Yop Cha Busigi  |  side piercing kick
    Kaunde Yop Cha Busigi  |  middle section side piercing kick
    Twinmyo Yop Cha Busigi  |  flying side piercing kick
    Dollyo Chagi  turning kick
    Nopunde Dollyo Chagi high section turning kick
    Dwitcha Busigi  back piercing kick
    Moorup Ollyo Chagi  knee upward kick

  • Positions
    Ap  |  front side
    Yop  |  side
    Yopap  |  half side
    Dwit  |  back
    Yopdwit  |  half back
    An  |  inner
    Anuro  |  inward
    Bakat  |  outter
    Bakuro  |  outward
    Baro|  |  front
    Bandae  |  reverse
  • Upper Body
    Mori  |  head
    Palmok  |  forearm
    Palkup  |  elbow
    Son  |  hand
    Sonkal  |  knifehand
    Sonbadak  |  palm
    Sonkut  |  finger tip
    Joomuk  |  fist
    Apjoomuk  |  fore fist
  • Lower Body
    Moorup  |  knee
    Bal  |  leg
    Balkal  |  foot sword
    Balkut  |  toes
    Apkumchi  |  ball of foot
    Dwitchook  |  back of heel
    Kyong gol  |  shine
  • Levels of the Body
    Nopunde  |  High section – focus point is the students own eye level
    Kaunde  |  Middle section – focus point is the students own shoulder level
    Najunde  |  Low section – focus point is the students lower abdomen
  • Counting
    1 Hana
    2 Dool
    3 Set
    4 Net
    5 Dasot
    6 Yosot
    7 Ilgop
    8 Yodul
    9 Ahop
    10 Yol

     

    11 Yolhana
    12 Yaldool
    13 Yalset
    14 Yalnet
    15 Yoltasot
    16 Yolyosot
    17 YolIlgop
    18 Yolyodol
    19 Yolahop
    20 Samul

    10 Yol
    20 Samul
    30 Sorum
    40 Mahum
    50 Chiun
    60 Yesun
    70 Irrun
    80 Yodan
    90 Ahun
    100 Pek